Today in history was a fateful day for America. It is the 237th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
Today is also the 150th anniversary of the surrender of Confederate forces at Vicksburg, Mississippi (July 4, 1863)to General Grant. This Union victory severed the Confederate West from the rest of the Confederacy, and opened the Mississippi River to Union gunboats and armies to move without challenge.
General Robert E. Lee withdrew his Confederate army from the Gettysburg battlefield 150 years ago, today. His proud army had been defeated, and this day is considered the turning-point in the Civil War, especially with the coincident loss of Vicksburg and the Confederate states west of the Mississippi River.
On this day in 1826, John Adams died. It is said that his last words were, “Thomas Jefferson survives.” Strangely, Thomas Jefferson had died a few hours earlier at Monticello, his famous residence.
Indeed, this is a day to remember.
July 4, 1776 – At the Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia, the Declaration of Independence was passed on this date.
July 4, 1826 – Former Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died on this date. Adam’s last words were, “Thomas Jefferson survives.” He did not know that Jefferson, too, was on his death bed.
July 4, 1863- The Battle of Gettysburg was fought on July 1 through July 3, and R0bert E. Lee withdrew his defeated Confederate Army on July 4 from the battlefield.
July 4, 1863 – The Confederate Army at Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenderd to Union General Ulysses S. Grant. The entire army stacked its arms, and was furloughed, sending the Confederate soldiers home. Grant later lamented that furloughing the southern soldiers was a mistake because many of them appeared later, guns in hand, to fight him in other battles.
July 4, 1911 – 105 degrees F (41 degrees C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)and 106 degrees F (41 degrees C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record). So, what makes you think that we are the only ones living through a hot summer?
Lots of things happened on this date, July 4. It was obviously a bad day for the old Confederacy, with July 4th being considered the turning point in the Civil War. Check this link for more happenings on July 4th.
Happy Fourth of July Holiday, everybody!